Exploring the Red Planet
2003 Rovers Mars Express Beagle 2 Japan Nozomi
2005 Orbiter 2007 Scout Smart Lander Sample Return
All Probes Pathfinder 2001 Odyssey Global Surveyor
Mariners Vikings Phobos Polar/Climate
Future Plans Other Places Human Trips Mars the Planet

Exploring the Red Planet:
Future Landing Sites on Mars

Mars Global Surveyor photo of the martian volcano Apollinaris Patera
Mars Global Surveyor photo of Apollinaris Patera
Credit: Malin Space Science Systems, MGS, JPL, NASA
With the successful airbag-cushioned landing on Mars of the exploration rovers Spirit and Opportunity, where will NASA look next for a landing site?

Could it be inside a volcano such as Apollinaris Patera, which rises 3 miles above the surface? The bright water-ice clouds seen hovering around its summit are attracting the attention of NASA planners.

Apollinaris Patera probably is three billion years old. Its large central crater is about 50 miles across.

Olympus Mons and other huge shield volcanos overshadow Apollinaris Patera, but the smaller and older volcanic structures known as paterae are intriguing.

The volcano has narrow furrows extending from the central crater or caldera. Geologists wonder if the paterae are wide hills of easily eroded volcanic ash.

While no decision has been made, such a volcano might be where the next lander bounces down.

Space Today Online:
Exploring Mars
Mars Probes
Probes of the Past
Probes of the Future
Mars Water
Mars Canals
Mars Air
Mars Rocks
Mars Seasons
Mars Mountains
Mars Rift Valley
Mars Moons
Mars Life Search
Mars Dust Storms
Mars Stats
Mars Nearby
Mars history
Mars Resources
Mars Orbiter 2005
Mars Scout 2007
NASA Mars History:
Rover Spirit 2003
Rover Opportunity 2003
Express 2003
Odyssey 2001
Polar Lander 1999
Climate Orbiter 1998
Deep Space 2 1999
Global Surveyor 1996
Pathfinder Lander 1996
Rover Sojourner 1996
Pathfinder Mission 1996
Viking-1 Lander 1975
Viking-2 Orbiter 1975
Viking-1 Lander 1975
Viking-1 Orbiter 1975
Mariner 9 Orbiter 1971
Mars 3 Lander 1971
Mariner 4 Flyby 1964
Viking Mission 1975
Mars Meteorites - JPL
Explorations Planned:
2003 & Beyond - Goddard
2005 & Beyond - JPL
Mars Exploration - JPL
Plans to Explore Planets

Solar System:
Solar System - JPL
Welcome to the Planets - JPL
Planetary Photojournal - JPL
Mars - Athena - NASA Ames
Solar System Tour - BBC
Mars - New York Times
Windows...Universe - UMich
Mars - Apollo Society
Planetary Society
Mars Society
The Nine Planets
Planet Mars Company
Solar System - STO
Solar System Tour
Artist conception of Mars with water four billion years ago
Solar System    Search STO    STO Cover    About STO    Questions    Suggestions    Feedback    E-Mail     © 2005 Space Today Online