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The Columbia Seven Astronauts
Space Shuttle Endeavour Launch Feb. 11, 2000
The crew of Columbia shuttle flight STS-107. Seated from left are Rick D. Husband, mission commander; Kalpana Chawla, mission specialist; and William C. McCool, pilot. Standing from left are David M. Brown, Laurel B. Clark, and Michael P. Anderson, all mission specialists; and Ilan Ramon, payload specialist from the Israeli Space Agency.

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The astronauts:
[click image to enlarge NASA photo]
[click name to read NASA biography]

Rick D. Husband, commander
Rick D. Husband

The U.S. Air Force colonel and mechanical engineer, 45, was returning from his second space trip. He had piloted a shuttle in 1999 to the first docking with the International Space Station.

William C. McCool, pilot
William C. McCool

The U.S. Navy commander, 40, and former test pilot was returning from his first space trip. He had been responsible for maneuvering the shuttle during science experiments.

Michael P. Anderson, payload commander
Michael P. Anderson
Payload Commander

The U.S. Air Force lieutenant colonel and physicist, 42, also had flown to space in a 1998 shuttle flight that docked with the Russian space station Mir. On STS-107, he had been responsible for science.

David M. Brown, mission specialist
David M. Brown

The U.S. Navy captain, aviator and flight surgeon, 46, was returning from his first space flight. He had been working on biological science experiments.

Kalpana Chawla, mission specialist
Kalpana Chawla
Mission Specialist

Returning from her second space flight, Chawla, 41, had flown more than 375 hours in space. She had operated the shuttles robotic arm on a flight in 1997.

Laurel Clark, mission specialist
Laurel Clark
Mission Specialist

The U.S. Navy commander and flight surgeon, 41, was returning from her first space flight during which she had conducted biological experiments.

Ilan Ramon, mission specialist, Israel's first astronaut
Ilan Ramon
Payload Specialist

Israel's First Astronaut
The colonel and Israeli Air Force fighter pilot, 47, was the first Israeli to fly in space. He had seen combat experience in the Yom Kippur War in 1973 and the Lebanon War in 1982.

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